Source code for cubicweb.pyramid.session

# copyright 2017 LOGILAB S.A. (Paris, FRANCE), all rights reserved.
# copyright 2014-2016 UNLISH S.A.S. (Montpellier, FRANCE), all rights reserved.
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Web session when using pyramid

CubicWeb ``CWSession`` entity type so that sessions can be
stored in the database, which allows to run a Cubicweb instance
without having to set up a session storage (like redis or memcache)

However, for production systems, it is greatly advised to use such a
storage solution for the sessions.

The handling of the sessions is made by pyramid (see the
`pyramid's documentation on sessions`_ for more details).

For example, to set up a redis based session storage, you need the
`pyramid-session-redis`_ package, then you must configure pyramid to
use this backend, by configuring the pyramid configuration file:

.. code-block:: ini

   cubicweb.defaults = no # we do not want to load the default cw session handling

   cubicweb.auth.authtkt.session.secret = <secret1>
   cubicweb.auth.authtkt.persistent.secret = <secret2> = yes = yes

   redis.sessions.secret = <secret3>
   redis.sessions.prefix = <my-app>:

   redis.sessions.url = redis://localhost:6379/0

   cubicweb.pyramid.auth = yes

   pyramid.includes =

.. Warning:: If you want to be able to log in a CubicWeb application
             served by pyramid on a unsecured stream (typically when
             you start an instance in dev mode using a simple
             ``cubicweb-ctl start -D -linfo myinstance``), you
             **must** set ```` to


There are a number of secrets to configure in ``pyramid.ini``. They
should be different one from each other, as explained in `Pyramid's

For the record, regarding session handling:

:cubicweb.session.secret: This secret is used to encrypt the session's
   data ID (data themselved are stored in the backend, database or
   redis) when using the integrated (``CWSession`` based) session data

:redis.session.secret: This secret is used to encrypt the session's
   data ID (data themselved are stored in the backend, database or
   redis) when using redis as backend.

import logging
import pickle
from contextlib import contextmanager

from pyramid.session import SignedCookieSessionFactory, JSONSerializer, PickleSerializer

from cubicweb import (

log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

def logerrors(logger):
    def wrap(fn):
        def newfn(*args, **kw):
                return fn(*args, **kw)
            except Exception:
                logger.exception(f"Error in {fn.__name__}")

        return newfn

    return wrap

def unsafe_cnx_context_manager(request):
    """Return a connection for use as a context manager, with security disabled

    If request has an attached connection, its security will be deactived in the context manager's
    scope, else a new internal connection is returned.

    This should be used for read-only queries, not if you intend to commit/rollback some data.
    cnx = request.cw_cnx
    if cnx is None:
        with request.registry["cubicweb.repository"].internal_cnx() as cnx:
            yield cnx
        with cnx.security_enabled(read=False, write=False):
            yield cnx

class JSONSerializerWithPickleFallback:
    def __init__(self):
        self.json = JSONSerializer()
        self.pickle = PickleSerializer()

    def dumps(self, value):
        # maybe catch serialization errors here and keep using pickle
        # while finding spots in your app that are not storing
        # JSON-serializable objects, falling back to pickle
        return self.json.dumps(value)

    def loads(self, value):
            return self.json.loads(value)
        except ValueError:
            return self.pickle.loads(value)

[docs]def CWSessionFactory( secret, cookie_name="session", max_age=None, path="/", domain=None, secure=False, httponly=True, set_on_exception=True, timeout=1200, reissue_time=120, hashalg="sha512", salt="pyramid.session.", serializer=None, ): """A pyramid session factory that store session data in the CubicWeb database. Storage is done with the 'CWSession' entity, which is provided by the 'pyramid' cube. .. warning:: Although it provides a sane default behavior, this session storage has a serious overhead because it uses RQL to access the database. Using pure SQL would improve a bit (it is roughly twice faster), but it is still pretty slow and thus not an immediate priority. It is recommended to use faster session factory (pyramid_session_redis_ for example) if you need speed. .. _pyramid_session_redis: """ SignedCookieSession = SignedCookieSessionFactory( secret, cookie_name=cookie_name, max_age=max_age, path=path, domain=domain, secure=secure, httponly=httponly, set_on_exception=set_on_exception, timeout=timeout, reissue_time=reissue_time, hashalg=hashalg, salt=salt, serializer=serializer if serializer else JSONSerializerWithPickleFallback(), ) class CWSession(SignedCookieSession): def __init__(self, request): # _set_accessed will be called by the super __init__. # Setting _loaded to True inhibates it. self._loaded = True # the super __init__ will load a single value in the dictionnary, # the session id. super().__init__(request) # Remove the session id from the dict self.sessioneid = self.pop("sessioneid", None) self.repo = request.registry["cubicweb.repository"] # We need to lazy-load only for existing sessions self._loaded = self.sessioneid is None @logerrors(log) def _set_accessed(self, value): self._accessed = value if self._loaded: return with unsafe_cnx_context_manager(self.request) as cnx: value_rset = cnx.execute( "Any D WHERE X eid %(x)s, X cwsessiondata D", {"x": self.sessioneid} ) value = value_rset[0][0] if value: # Use directly dict.update to avoir _set_accessed to be # recursively called dict.update(self, pickle.load(value)) self._loaded = True def _get_accessed(self): return self._accessed accessed = property(_get_accessed, _set_accessed) @logerrors(log) def _set_cookie(self, response): # Save the value in the database data = Binary(pickle.dumps(dict(self))) sessioneid = self.sessioneid with self.request.registry["cubicweb.repository"].internal_cnx() as cnx: if not sessioneid: session = cnx.create_entity("CWSession", cwsessiondata=data) sessioneid = session.eid else: try: session = cnx.entity_from_eid(sessioneid) except UnknownEid: # Might occur if CWSession entity got dropped (e.g. # the whole db got recreated) while user's cookie is # still valid. We recreate the CWSession in this case. sessioneid = cnx.create_entity( "CWSession", cwsessiondata=data ).eid else: session.cw_set(cwsessiondata=data) cnx.commit() # Only if needed actually set the cookie if or ( self._reissue_time is not None and self.accessed - self.renewed > self._reissue_time ): dict.clear(self) dict.__setitem__(self, "sessioneid", sessioneid) return super()._set_cookie(response) return True return CWSession
[docs]def includeme(config): """Activate the CubicWeb session factory. It is automatically included by the configuration system, unless the following entry is added to the :ref:`pyramid_settings`: .. code-block:: ini cubicweb.pyramid.session = no """ secret = config.registry.settings["cubicweb.session.secret"] session_factory = CWSessionFactory(secret) config.set_session_factory(session_factory)